Add relationships between business tables

Pentaho Metadata Editor

Part Number

Once you have all of your business tables created, you must create relationships between the tables so that the query generators and SQL generators that work with Pentaho Metadata can create the data queries correctly. This is similar to drawing a relational diagram to show primary and foreign key relationships; however, relational links are not the only relationships that can be modeled. You can create a relationship between any two tables, link any two columns between them and dictate what the relationship is (one to many, many to many, and so on). The important pieces of information to know before you try to create a relationship are:

  • What two business tables would you like to associate with this relationship?
  • What columns in the business tables identify the relationship?
  • What type of relationship is it: one to one, one to many, many to one? See the table below for relationship types and descriptions.
Relationship Description
1:N A one-to-many mandatory relationship is the most common relationship in databases. The primary key table contains only one record that relates to none, one, or many records in the related table. This relationship is similar to the one between you and one of your parents. You have one mother, but your mother may have several children.
N:1 A many-to-one is opposite of one to many (1:N) relationship.
1:1 In a one-to-one relationship, both tables are limited to one record only on either side of the relationship. Each primary key value relates to a single record, or no record, in the associated table. The value can have only the one designated partner, or no partner at all. Most one-to-one relationships are forced by business rules. If you do not have a business rule, you can, in most cases, combine both tables into one table without breaking normalization rules.
0:N A zero to many optional relationship indicates that a person may have no phone, one phone, or many phones, and that the phone may not be "owned," but can only be owned by a maximum of one person.
N:0 Opposite of a zero to many relationship
0:1 A zero to one relationship might indicate that a person may be a programmer, but a programmer must be a person. It is assumed that the mandatory side of the relationship is the dominant.
1:0 Opposite of a zero to one relationship
N:N In a many to many relationship each record in both tables can relate to an unlimited number of records (or no records) in the other table. For example, if you have many siblings, your siblings also have many siblings. Many-to-many relationships must have a third table, referred to as an associate or linking table, because relational systems cannot accommodate the relationship directly.
0:0 A zero to zero optional relationship indicates that a person may occupy one parking space, but that a person is not necessary to have a space and a space does not need to have a person.