Understanding tiered storage

Storage Subsystem Administration Guide for Hitachi NAS Platform

Part Number

Tiered storage allows you to connect multiple diverse storage systems behind a single server (or cluster) and match application storage requirements (in terms of performance and scaling) to your storage systems. This section describes the concept of tiered storage, and explains how to configure the storage server to work with your storage systems to create a tiered storage architecture.

Based on a storage system's performance characteristics, it is classified as belonging to a certain tier, and each tier is used differently in the enterprise storage architecture. The currently supported storage systems fit into the tiered storage model as follows:

Tier Performance Drive Type RPM (if disk)
0 Extremely high Flash or solid-state memory; not disk N/A
1 Very high SAS 15,000
2 High SAS 10,000
3 Nearline Nearline (NL) SAS 7,200
4 Archival Nearline (NL) SAS 7,200
5 Long-term storage (Tape) N/A (Tape) N/A

The NAS server supports tiers of storage, where each tier is made up of devices with different performance characteristics or technologies. The NAS server also supports storage virtualization through applicable Hitachi RAID storage systems using UVM (Universal Volume Manager).

Note: Utilizing UVM with HNAS architecture is not common practice and can lead to performance anomalies, particularly if it is a non-Hitachi storage system. Always use local disks as first priority in system design.

Tiers of storage and storage virtualization are fully supported by Data Migrator, an optional feature which allows you to optimize the usage of tiered storage and remote NFSv3 servers. Note, however, that Data Migrator does not support migration to or from tape storage devices or tape library systems. For detailed information about Data Migrator, refer to the Data Migrator Administration Guide.